While all efforts have been made to present an accurate account of the status of the Silk Roads in the countries covered, some part of the information provided and the analyses thereof are those of the contributors, and does not imply the expression of any opinion on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The contributors are responsible for the choice and representation of the facts contained in this portal and for the opinions expressed therein, which are not necessarily those of UNESCO and do not commit the Organization.


Elaborately woven, bright crimson carpets made by the delicate hands of nomadic tribal women have become the artistic symbol of Turkmenistan, a country of sweeping deserts which played a vital role in the history of the Silk Roads.

Three centuries before Christ, the Parthian tribes of horsemen arrived to establish their capital in ancient Turkmen city of Nisa. When their empire eventually encompassed much of Central Asia, the Parthians were a power which rivaled Rome.

From Nisa, the Parthians controlled the Silk Roads and oasis settlements and trading centers like the harsh desert cities of Merv and Serakhs. Ruins of these ancient sites, excavated and studied by archaeologists are all witnesses of this glorious past.

Turkmenistan later became famous throughout the Central Asia for producing the skilled and fierce nomadic carpets. Nowadays, tribal customs are still alive in Turkmenistan.

Related themes

The Silk Roads on the Map

أتصل بنا

أتصل بنا  

مقر منظمة اليونسكو الدولية 

7 Place de Fontenoy

75007 Paris 


قسم العلوم الاجتماعية والانسانية

قسم البحوث وسياسات التخطيط المستقبلية

برنامج اليونسكو لطرق الحرير


تواصل معنا